INFLUENCE OF TEACHERS’ NON-COGNITIVE SKILLS ON PUPILS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN SOCIAL STUDIES IN LOWER PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA
The study assessed the level of self-efficacy of social studies teachers at the lower primary schools in Osun State and
examined the level of emotional maturity of Social Studies teachers. It also investigated the influence of teachers' selfefficacy and emotional maturity on pupils' achievement in Social Studies. The study employed the descriptive survey
research design. The population for the study comprised public lower primary School pupils and their teachers in Osun
State. The sample comprised 720 primary III pupils and 72 teachers of Social Studies drawn from the three senatorial
districts. A multistage sampling procedure was used to select the sample for the study. Three instruments were used to
collect data for the study. These include; Emotional Maturity scale (EMS), Teacher's Sense of Efficacy Questionnaire
(TSEQ), and Pupils' Achievement Test in Social Studies (PATSS). Data collected were analysed using frequency counts,
simple percentages, and multiple regression. The results showed that 79.2% of the lower primary school teachers had a
high level of self-efficacy. Also, 66.65% of the lower primary school teachers had a moderate level of emotional maturity.
The results further showed that there was no statistically significant influence of teachers' self-efficacy, (R=0.015 at p=0.944)
on pupils' achievement in Social Studies. The combined effect of teachers' self-efficacy and emotional maturity, (t=0.863 at
p=0.395), was also not statistically significant on pupils' achievement in Social Studies. The study concluded that teachers'
self-efficacy and emotional maturity had no significant influence on pupils' achievement in Social Studies in lower primary
schools in Osun Nigeria.
KEYWORDS: Teachers, Self-efficacy, Emotional maturity, Pupils’ achievement, Social Studies
*CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Babatunde Adeniyi ADEYEMI. Institute of Education, Faculty of Education
Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. firstname.lastname@example.org